Nigeria signed on to the International Human Rights convention agreement on the rights of child. It was officially passed into law in 2003 by Chief Olusegun Obansanjo as the Children’s Rights Act 2003 (CRA). The Children’s Rights Act 2003 (CRA) was created to serve as a legal documentation and protection of Children rights and responsibilities in Nigeria. responsibilities of children, and which consolidates all laws relating to children into one single legislation, as well as specifying the duties and obligations of government, parents and other authorities, organizations and bodies. Four main key areas of the Act have been highlighted for today’s discussion:
- Every child has the right to freedom of association and peaceful assembly in conformity with the law and in accordance with the necessary guidance and directions of his parents or guardians.
- No child shall be subjected to any disability or deprivation merely by reason of the circumstances of his birth.
- Every Nigerian child is entitled to
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rest, leisure and enjoyment of the best attainable state of physical, mental and spiritual health.
- Child abduction and forced exploitative labor (which is not of a light nature) or in an industrial undertaking are also stated to e offences. The exceptions to these provisions are where the child is employed by a family member, in work that is of an agricultural or horticultural or domestic in nature, and if such a child is not required to carry or move anything heavy that is likely to adversely affect its moral, mental, physical spiritual or social development.
- Every child has the right to free, compulsory and universal basic education and it shall be the duty of the Government in Nigeria to provide such education